Government Rules, Official Letters, GRs, Court Orders, etc


This section is a rich repository of resources on recycling, waste pickers and SWaCH. Here, you will find legal documents and government reports.

Feel free to download and share these resources, but do remember to acknowledge SWaCH and this website as your source.


Rules / Acts :


MSW (Management and Handling) Rules 2000: The MSW Rules 2000 lays down rules for municipal authorities responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid wastes. MSW_rules_2000


Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011:   Rules to regulate the manufacture,use, disposal  and recycling of plastic and which include a definition of Extended  Producer Responsibility (Pg 18, 3 g):


Electronic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011: Rules specifying the responsibilities of producers, users, collection centres, recyclers etc. of electronic goods:


Notifications for the disposal of Fly Ash


Management and Handling of Batteries: This notification from the MoEF specifies  that ‘It shall be the responsibility of a manufacturer, importer, assembler and re-conditioner’ to ensure that the used batteries are collected back, sale and collection is recorded, collection centres are set up and used batteries are sent only to the registered recyclers etc. Click here to read more


Management and Handling of Hazardous Waste (1989, amended in 2000 and 2003)


Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation Act) 1986: Law prohibiting  and regulating the engagement of children in certain employment. The act was amended in 2006 to extend the ban on child labour to domestic work and working in dhabas.


Right to Education Act: The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 came into effect from April 1, 2010. The goal of the RTE Act is to provide free and compulsory education of good quality to all children of the age of six to fourteen years. Amongst other provisions, the RTE Act mandates a 25% reservation of seats in schools for children from disadvantaged backgrounds :


Circulars / Rulings / Letters :


Government of Maharashtra circular regarding ragpickers (2002) : This (Marathi) document delineates the recommendations on integrating rag pickers into the city’s SWM system. 

Supreme Court order on ration/food supply (2003) : Order on a petition seeking immediate release of surplus food stocks held by government, for drought affected areas.

Trust Hospital Ruling:  All Public Charitable Trusts which are running charitable hospitals are under legal obligation to reserve and earmark 10% of the total number of operational beds for indigent patients, to provide them medical treatment free of cost and to reserve and earmark 10% of the total number of operational beds at concessional rate.

Letter on sorting sheds by Mr Benjamin of MOUD (2007) : Letter from the Ministry of Urban Development recognising the need for sorting spaces in the city and recommending to local urban bodies to ensure the provision of these.

Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) circular:  (Dr. M. Ramchandran Circular D.O No. Q-1101/3/2008 - PHE.II 15th January 2009)  This circular directs all ULBs to undertake the following measures amongst others: Manual handling of solid waste should be eliminated. Workers should be provided with uniforms, shoes, gloves and other implements for safety and easy working, should be subjected to periodical health checks and health insurance.


Minimum Wages Act:  According to the Ministry of Labour, ‘even though there is no uniform and comprehensive wage policy for all sectors of the economy in India, a mechanism exists for determination of wages in the Organized and Unorganized sectors and their enforcement. Wages in the organized sector are determined through negotiations and settlements between employer and employees. In the unorganized sector, where labour is vulnerable to exploitation due to illiteracy and lack of effective bargaining power, the minimum rates of wages are fixed both by Central and State Governments in the scheduled employments falling within their respective jurisdictions under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The Act binds the employers to pay to the workers the minimum wages so fixed from time to time.

Keep informed about current issues, campaigns and events through the SWaCH Newsletter. Contact us here to subscribe   
Events & Campaigns
  Come and present your inspired ideas for how we can rethink e-waste and, in particular, spread awareness about e-waste disposal in ways that are outside traditional approaches.    
SWaCH in the News
  The Times of India
( Pune ) Sep 15, 2016
  Indian Express
September 12, 2016
  Indian Express
September 12, 2016
  The Times of India (Pune)
Sep 13 2016
  MaharashtraTimes (Pune)
Sep 12 2016
  Sakal Times
10 / 09 / 2016

NGOs pitch in for management of waste during Ganesh idol immersion
  The Goldensparrow
05 Aug, 2016
  Waste-pickers get no protection from the rain  
  Maharashtra Times
Aug 7, 2016
  The Times of India
Sept 29, 2015
  Over 500 tonnes of nirmalya collected in 10-day festival  
Sept 29, 2015
  42 Thousand kg nirmalya collected by Swach  
Sept 28, 2015
  Classification of nirmalya by Swach  
Sept 25, 2015
  7th day of ganpati visarjan 17 Thousand kg nirmalya collected  
Sept 24, 2015
  7th day of visarjan 16 Thousand kg. nirmalya Collected  
Sept 19, 2015
  Swach ready for nirmalya collection.  
Sept 18, 2015
  Nirmalya collection of initiative to swach  
  Maharashtra Times
Sept 04, 2015
  Nirmalya project call for volunteers  
  I am dna of Pune
Sept 04, 2015
  Be a swach volunteer, help collect nirmalya during Ganesh visarjan  
  The Times of India
Sept 03, 2015
  Ganeshotsav `nirmalya' target higher  
  Sakal Times
July 25, 2015
  The PMC to finally set up garbage shed on Baner Road  
  Sakal Times
August 15, 2015
  The Fees hiked for trash collection  
  The Indian Express
August 14, 2015
  The SWACH is the first co-operative of wastepickers in the country  
  The New York Times
JULY 29, 2015
  Scavengers Are India's Real Recyclers  
  From A Ragpicker To An International Labour Speaker, Here's Suman More's Inspiring Journey!  
  Loksatta 29.04.2015  
  Times of India 29.03.15
With industries privatizing waste collection through contractors and companies, waste pickers in the city have said that access to recyclables was ...
  The Indian Express 6.11.14
Swach gets parliamentary committee's thumbs-up
  The Indian Express 31.10.14
Waste-picker from city attends international convention, meets Pope Francis
  Sakal Times 07.11.14
Meeting Pope was memorable : Waste picker Rebecca
  Times News Network
Waste collector from city meets Pope Francis
  DNA 5.11.14
From rags to recognition : A waste picker's struggle for basic rights
  DNA 3.11.14
For ragpickers, Pope is their hope
  Surfing their way into the mainstream  
  Midday 17.10.14
They plan to beat music out of junk
  Loksatta 02.09.14
Remember to give your Nirmalya to Swach members
  TOI 20.08.14
Change mindsets to change cities say wastepickers
  The Indian Express 13.08.14  
  Waste pickers demanding pre-matric scholarship for their kids end strike  
  TOI 09.08.14  
  Pune Municipal Corporation not providing gear: SWaCH  
  TOI 06.05.14  
  SWaCH to scale up e-waste collection  
  HINDU Survey of Environment 2013
Picking a brighter future
  Midday 26.06.13
NGOs tie up with schools for environmental awareness
  IE 12.07.13
Green school programme launched to spread awareness among school children
  N Y Times blog
Out of India's Trash heaps, more than a shred of dignity
  HT 06.07.13
South Civic body eyes Pune Model for garbage solution
  TOI 06.07.13
Ragpickers resolve sanitation dilemma
  Newspaper Archives